Internet of Things Today: The Human Body and Building Synchronization

Internet of Things Today published an article from Smart Cities Guru Anil Ahuja on the distinct connection between the human body and building synchronization. Read by thousands of readers monthly, the news outlet frequently publishes content from industry experts on timely topics in the IoT world.

The piece illustrates how the human body, buildings and entire cities have intricately similar systems that keep them running. “Blood composition, blood pressure, and body temperature control are all regulated by adjusting other items in the body such as cardiac output, the resistance of the vessels during microcirculation, and the relative apportionment of blood to the various organs,” said Ahuja. “Similarly, buildings are regulated by adjusting control output, the friction of pipes, and the relative apportionment of power.”

Human respiratory systems, Ahuja explains, are similar to building air systems because the direct exchange of gases is required to keep buildings ventilated and the bodies property circulated. In the body, this exchange involves the transfer of oxygen from the respiratory system to the blood, which then transports oxygen to the body’s cells in exchange for carbon dioxide, which is then carried back to the respiratory system where it’s exchanged for more oxygen. Similarly, oxygen is transferred from the atmosphere to the air circulatory system, which sends oxygen to the building’s interior in exchange for carbon dioxide, which is then carried back to the air handler where it’s exchanged for more fresh air.

“Human beings take 410 million breaths a year, equivalent to a fan running constantly at 15 revolutions per minute,” said Ahuja. “Any number of things may go wrong when air moves from the nose to the lungs, but if nothing goes wrong, the respiratory systems functions reliably. To increase the reliability of building environmental systems, one only needs to study methods of reliable human respiratory systems.”

Ahuja also examines the similarities between body temperature and building temperature controls, human body systems and building system automations, human circulatory systems and building hydraulic systems. Ahuja notes that these fascinating similarities between human systems and building systems can help engineers better understand, build and maintain both new and existing buildings to maximize efficiency while minimizing negative impacts incurred on our planet.

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